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Sarcoma

Globally, the incidence of sarcoma in young adults is approximately 2/100,000 persons with a greater incidence in males over females by a 2:1 ratio. Previous radiation and chemotherapy exposure before the age of 20, as well as exposure to certain chemical agents, has been linked to an increased risk in the development of sarcoma in the young adult population. Young adult sarcoma patients seem to do worse then their pediatric counterparts for a variety of reasons, one being the differences in the biology of their cancers. These differences in biology need to be accounted for when establishing treatment plans in this age group in determining pediatric- versus adult-based protocols.

Source: Soliman H, Ferrari A, Thomas D. Sarcoma in the Young Adult Population: An International View. Semin Oncol. 2009; 36:227-236.

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Fertility Preservation for AYA Cancers - For Men 15-39, frequent cause of impaired fertility is chemotherapy or radiation damage to sperm. Female survivors may be impaired by treatment that damages immature eggs, affects hormonal balance, or injures reproductive organs. Fertility guidelines: http://www.cancer.gov/ncicancerbulletin/011111/page5

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