Carcinomas of the uterine cervix are the most common cancer of the female genital tract among females ages 15-29. In 2006, it was noted that the 5-year overall survival rates for cervical cancer had not improved over the previous 25 years for this age group. Cervical cancer occurs more often in females infected with certain types of human papilloma virus (HPV). Cervical cancer is one of the few cancers that can be identified early in the 15-29 year range through proper screening methods such as pap smears. Improved screening programs and the development of the HPV vaccine may prevent the development of invasive cervical cancers in the future.
Source: Bleyer A, O’Leary M, Barr R, Ries LAG (eds): Cancer Epidemiology in Older Adolescents and Young Adults 15 to 29 Years of Age, Including SEER Incidence and Survival: 1975-2000. National Cancer Institute, NIH Pub. No. 06-5767. Bethesda, MD 2006. http://seer.cancer.gov/publications/aya/
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